Conservation and research

Please contact us if you would like more information on the NPMS, or are considering collaborating with us on a research project.

Annual Reports

National Plant Monitoring Scheme. 2022. NPMS Annual Report 2021. Unpublished report, NPMS partners.

National Plant Monitoring Scheme. 2023. NPMS Annual Report 2022. Unpublished report, NPMS partners.

National Plant Monitoring Scheme. 2024. NPMS Annual Report 2023. Unpublished report, NPMS partners.


Journal papers

Pescott, O.L., Walker, K.J., Harris, F., New, H., Cheffings, C.M., Newton, N., Jitlal, M., Redhead, J., Smart, S.M. & Roy, D.B. 2019. The design, launch and assessment of a new volunteer-based plant monitoring scheme for the United Kingdom. PLoS ONE 14(4): e0215891.

Pescott, O.L., Jitlal, M., Smart, S.M., Walker, K.J., Roy, D.B. & Freeman, S.N. 2016. A comparison of models for interval-censored plant cover data, with applications to monitoring schemes. PeerjPrePrints.

Pescott, O.L., Walker, K.J., Pocock, M.J.O., Jitlal, M., Outhwaite, C.L., Cheffings, C.M., Harris, F., Roy, D.B. 2015. Ecological monitoring with citizen science: the design and implementation of schemes for plants in Britain and Ireland. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 115(3), 505–521.

Wilson, O.J. & Pescott, O.L. 2023. Assessing the exposure of UK habitats to 20th-and 21st-century climate change, and its representation in ecological monitoring schemes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 00, 1–12. 


NPMS reports

New, H. & NPMS Partnership. 2017. Organisational use and utility of the NPMS. Unpublished report. Plantlife.

Pescott, O.L., Jitlal, M. Beckmann, B., Roy, D.B., K.J. Walker, Dore, A. and S.M. Smart. 2018. The use of National Plant Monitoring Scheme data for making inferences concerning air pollution impacts. Unpublished report to Defra. CEH & BSBI. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.32528.87047

Pescott, O.L., Walker, K.J., Jitlal, M., Smart, S.M., Maskell, L., Schmucki, R., Day, J., Amos, C., Peck, K., Robinson, A. & Roy, D.B. 2019. The National Plant Monitoring Scheme: A Technical Review. JNCC Report No. 622, JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963- 8091.

Pescott, O.L., Powney, G.P. and Walker, K.J. 2019. Developing a Bayesian species occupancy/abundance indicator for the UK National Plant Monitoring Scheme. Wallingford, CEH & BSBI, 29pp. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.23795.48161

Pescott, O.L. and D.B. Roy. 2016. The potential uses of data from the National Plant Monitoring Scheme: A scoping report. Unpublished report to JNCC. CEH Wallingford & BSBI.



Walker, K., Pescott, O., Harris, F., Cheffings, C., New, H., Bunch, N., Roy, D. 2015. Making plants count. British Wildlife, 26 (4), 243-250.

New, H. 2017. Making Plants Count on the Defence Estate. Sanctuary, 46, 46-47.

NPMS. 2020. Understanding the health of our habitats leaflet


Other reports

Staley, J.T., M. Lobley, M.E. McCracken, H. Chiswell, J.W. Redhead, S.M. Smart, O.L. Pescott, M. Jitlal, S.R. Amy, H.J. Dean, L. Ridding, R. Broughton and J.O. Mountford. 2018. The environmental effectiveness of the Higher Level Stewardship scheme; Resurveying the baseline agreement monitoring sample to quantify change between 2009 and 2016. Natural England project ECM 6937.

Carvell, C., Isaac, N. J. B., Jitlal, M., Peyton, J., Powney, G. D., Roy, D. B., Vanbergen, A. J., O’Connor, R. S., Jones, C. M., Kunin, W. E., Breeze, T. D., Garratt, M. P. D., Potts, S. G., Harvey, M., Ansine, J., Comont, R. F., Lee, P., Edwards, M., Roberts, S. P. M., Morris, R. K. A., Musgrove, A. J., Brereton, T., Hawes, C., and Roy, H. E. 2016. Design and Testing of a National Pollinator and Pollination Monitoring Framework. Final summary report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), Scottish Government and Welsh Government: Project WC1101.



NPMS Data Capture and Verification Summary

NPMS on the NBN Atlas (See here for information on how to access and download biodiversity data through the NBN)

NPMS on the UKCEH Environmental Information Data Centre (EIDC)


NPMS habitat to EUNIS/Annex 1 habitat equivalence table

NPMS habitat to NVC community definitions

NPMS habitat to UKCEH Land Cover Map classes: See Annex 3 of this report (Pescott et al. 2019. The National Plant Monitoring Scheme: A Technical Review. JNCC Report No. 622, JNCC, Peterborough, ISSN 0963- 8091)

Walker, K.J. & Pescott, O.L. 2022. Plant indicator species for JNCC Common Standards habitat monitoring, UK. NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre. 

Wilson, O.J. & Pescott, O.L. 2023a. Climate change exposure estimates for the UK at 1 km resolution, 1901-2080. NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre.

Wilson, O.J. & Pescott, O.L. 2023b. Köppen-Geiger climate classification prediction maps for the UK at 1 km resolution, 1901–2080. NERC EDS Environmental Information Data Centre.


Guidance archive (see here for current versions)

Survey guidance 1st Ed.

Species lists 1st Ed.

Species ID guide 1st Ed.